Current Affairs, News & Facts of 05 Apr 2016

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  • World’s first public immunization program for dengue launched in Philippines

     

    World’s first public immunization program for dengue launched in PhilippinesThe world's first public dengue vaccination programme was launched in the Philippines by injecting French drug Dengvaxia (world’s 1st dengue fever vaccine) to millions of schoolchildren against a mosquito-borne disease that the World Health Organization estimates infects 390 million people a year globally.

    Hundreds of fourth-graders aged between 9 and 10 were vaccinated with the injections at a public school in metropolitan Manila's Marikina city. The Philippines had the highest dengue incidence in the WHO's Western Pacific region from 2013 to 2015, recording 200,415 cases last year.

    Dengvaxia, developed by the French pharmaceutical company Sanofi Pasteur, obtained its first license in Mexico in December 2015 for use in individuals aged 9 to 45. With the launch of first public dengue vaccination programme, Philippines became first country to introduce, adopt and implement the first-ever dengue vaccine through the public immunization program.

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  • World's first white tiger safari opens in Madhya Pradesh

     

    World's first white tiger safari opens in Madhya PradeshWorld's first white tiger sanctuary was inaugurated  in the forest area of  Mukundpur in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. It was inaugurated and opened to public by Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar and union Steel Minister Narendra Singh Tomar. 

    The first of its kind safari has cost Rs. 50 crore and is spread over an area of 25 hectares. The forest area has three white tigers including two females named Vindhya and Radha and one male named Raghu, two Bengal tigers of more usual fur colour and some bears.

    White Tigers : It is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger. They have been reported in the wild from time to time in the Indian states of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar. These tigers have white fur because lack of the pigment pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange colour fur. The white Bengal tigers are distinctive due to the color of their fur. The white fur caused by a lack of the pigment pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange color fur.

    Background

    1. The first white tiger was spotted in Madhya Pradesh’s Vindhya region by erstwhile king Martand Singh in 1951. The royal family named him Mohan, which became "a pet, a family member".

    2. Mohan's cubs were thereafter distributed to zoos in India and abroad. They were reportedly inbred to create a white tiger progeny. But they disappeared completely from Rewa in 1976.

    3. The animal is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger and is believed to have originated in the former Rewa state, now part of Madhya Pradesh. They have been reported in the wild from time to time in the Indian states of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar.

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  • Vietnam police chief Tran Dai Quang sworn in as president

     

    Vietnam police chief Tran Dai Quang sworn in as presidentVietnam's police chief, Tran Dai Quang, has been sworn in as the ninth President of Vietnam after he was elected by country’s National Assembly.

    He will succeed and shall have term of five years. He was elected as President after he secured 91.5% of the valid votes i.e. 452 out of the total 494 members of the unicameral house, voted in favour of Quang.

    About Tran Dai Quang 

    Quang, 59, is a police general and has been head of the ministry of public security (2011 to 2016), which has been the focus of Western criticism of the nation's human rights record. He is a member of the 12th Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam and is currently ranked second after General Secretary Nguyen Phu Tro. 

    From 1972 to 1975 he was a student at the School of Foreign Languages Department of Cultural Affairs which is (now the Ministry of Public Security. In 1975-1976 he served as an Officer in Political Protection Department. In August 2011 he was appointed Secretary of the Central Police Party Committee.

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  • Latin Jazz Saxophonist, Gato Barbieri, passes away

     

    Latin Jazz Saxophonist, Gato Barbieri,  passes awayRenowned Argentine jazz tenor saxophonist and composer, Leandro Gato Barbieri who rose to fame during the free jazz movement in the 1960s and is known for his Latin jazz recordings of the 1970s, passed away in New York, US due to pneumonia. He was 83.

    Gato won Grammy Award for best instrumental composition for his music for Last Tango In Paris in 1973. He had recorded number of albums over a career spanning more than seven decades.

    Between 1967 and 1982, he had recorded some 35 albums. He gained international prominence after playing alto saxophone in an orchestra led by Lalo Schifrin, the pianist and composer

    Awards and Honours :  Barbieri received the UNICEF Award at the Argentinian Consulate in November 2009. He won Latin Grammy lifetime achievement award for his career in 2015.

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  • Novak Djokovic wins 2016 Miami Open Title

     

    Novak Djokovic wins 2016 Miami Open TitleWorld No. 1, Serbian professional tennis player Novak Djokovic Serbia has won the 2016 Miami Open Title in the men’s singles category by defeating Kei Nishikori of Japan with a score of  6-3, 6-3 in the final of the Miami Open played on outdoor hard courts at the Tennis Centre at Crandon Park Florida, US, 

    It is his fourth consecutive championship, and overall sixth ATP Miami Open title, equalling Andre Agassi’s Miami record total. It was also his 28th overall, in the Masters 1000 a series of nine tournaments considered the most prestigious other than the four grand slams.

    Other winners of Miami Open 2016

    Men’s Doubles title : French pair of Pierre-Hugues Herbert and Nicolas Mahut bagged the 2016 Miami Open Title in the men’s doubles category by defeating the pair of Raven Klaasen (South Africa) and Rajeev Ram (US) with a score of 5–7, 6–1 in the final match.

    Women’s Singles title : Victoria Azarenka from Belarus has won  the 2016 Miami Open Title in the women’s singles category by defeating  Svetlana Kuznetsova  of Russia with a score of 6–3, 6–2 in the final match. It was her third Miami Open Title

    Women’s Doubles title : The pair of Bethanie Mattek-Sands (US) and Lucie Safarova (Czech Republic) bagged the  2016 Miami Open Title in the women’s doubles category by defeating the pair of  Timea Babos (Hungary) and Yaroslava Shvedova (Kazakhstan) by 6–3, 6–4 score.

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  • Kenya’s Kotut and Jepkesho win Paris Marathon 2016  

     

    Kenya’s Kotut and Jepkesho win Paris Marathon 2016Kenyan Cyprien Kotut and Visiline Jepkesho also from Kenya have won the 40th edition of the 2016 Paris marathon held on 3 April 2016 in Men's and Womens category respectively.  

    He finished the 35km race in an official time of 2hr 07min 10sec while Jepkesho  finished the race in 2hr 25 min 52 sec.

    Defending champion Mark Korir settled second in 2:07:31 while Stephen Chemlany waylaid Gebretsadik settled to third position by completing the race in 2:07:39.

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  • Nico Rosberg wins F1’s Bahrain Grand Prix

     

    Nico Rosberg wins F1’s Bahrain Grand PrixGerman racing driver for Mercedes Formula One team - Nico Rosberg has won the 2016 Gulf Air Formula One Bahrain Grand Prix held at Bahrain International Circuit in Manama. It was Rosberg’s overall sixteenth championship title of F1 in his career and the second win in the 2016. 

    His victory puts him level with Stirling Moss as F1’s greatest winner never to have won a world title. Bahrain Grand Prix title in which  total 11 teams had participated was the second race of the 2016 season of Formula One.

    Top rankers of 2016 Bahrain Grand Prix  :

    1st position : Nico Rosberg (Germany) of Mercedes team.
    2nd position : Kimi Raikkonen (Finland) of Ferrari Team.
    3rd position : Lewis Hamilton (Great Britain) of Mercedes team. 
    4th position : Daniel Ricciardo (Australia) of Red Bull team.
    5th position : Romain Grosjean (Switzerland) of Haas team.

    Top 3 teams: Mercedes, Ferrari and Red Bul

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  • PM Narendra Modi conferred Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honour

     

    PM Narendra Modi conferred Saudi Arabia’s highest civilian honourPrime Minister Narendra Modi was conferred Saudi Arabia's highest civilian honour- the King Abdulaziz Sash. The Prime Minister was conferred the prestigious award by King Salman bin Abdulaziz at the Royal Court.

    About King Abdulaziz Sash

    The award has been named after Abdulaziz Al Saud, the founder of the modern Saudi state. The award is bestowed upon citizens of Saudi Arabia and foreigners for meritorious service to the Saudi Kingdom. King himself makes awards to foreigners.

    World leaders who have received the honour include US President Barack Obama, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, British Prime Minister David Cameron and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

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  • Scientists develop green technology for water purification

     

    Scientists develop green technology for water purificationIndian scientists have developed an eco-friendly nanotechnology for water-softening applications that could be used in civic water treatment plants for generating potable water.  It was developed by the team of scientists from Guwahati (Assam) based Institute of Advance Study in Science & Technology (IASST). This material, is the first of its kind biopolymer with potential to act as a biodegradable and green material for water-softening applications.

    Key facts about the research

    1. The biopolymer has been developed using a naturally occurring substance, called chitosan (obtained from the hard outer skeleton of shellfish, including crab, lobster, and shrimp) as a backbone for the carbon nanoparticles to sit on. 
    2. In the biopolymer, nanoparticles are the functional parts of the technology as they remove calcium and magnesium components of water through ion exchange. Thus, it shows the same process that is used by common water purifiers.
    3. In this biopolymer, nanoparticles are the functional parts of the technology as they remove calcium and magnesium components of water through ion exchange, the same process that is used by common water purifiers.

    Potential Applications  This could be used in civic water treatment plants since they do not have very effective water-softening methods and the resulting treated water is very. It will  reduce dependency on conventional water-softening techniques that uses synthetic resins for water-softening applications.

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