Current Affairs, News & Facts of 28 Jul 2015

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  • 28 July observed as World Hepatitis Day

     

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    • July 28 is observed as World Hepatitis Day around the globe on this day World Health Organisation (WHO)  highlightens the urgent need for countries to enhance action to prevent viral hepatitis infection and to ensure that people who have been infected are diagnosed and offered proper treatment
    • Worldwide 400 million people are living with hepatitis B or C. Every year 1.4 million people die from viral hepatitis and yet all of these deaths could be prevented. With better awareness and understanding of how we can prevent hepatitis we can eliminate this disease and save 4,000 lives a day. 
    • World Health Organisation is focusing particularly on hepatitis B and C, which together causes approximately 80% of all liver cancer deaths and kills close to 1.4 million people every year.
    • The theme for this year’s World Hepatitis Day is “Prevent hepatitis. Act now”

    What is Hepatitis ?

    Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. It can affect any individual of any age including children.Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice.  Hepatitis is acute when it lasts less than six months and chronic when it persists longer.

    What are the types of Hepatitis?

    There are mainly 5 types of hepatitis that are A, B, C, D and E which are cause by five different types of viruses. Viral hepatitis is most commonly caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) but in the case of hepatitis D and E viruses also exist.

    What are the causes of Hepatitis?

    Hepatitis is mainly caused due to  Hepatitis Virus which are of various types. Hepatitis A is usually caused due to  fecal-oral contact or fecal-infected food and water. A baby could get hepatitis A by consuming food/water contaminated with HAV-infected stool.The hepatitis B virus is spread by contact with blood and other body fluids of an infected person in adults it can be transmitted through unprotected sex with an HBV-infected person.  Hepatitis C is transmitted through direct contact with human blood and other body fluids

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    Image source : www.webmd.com

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  • Eminent Physicist Dr P.Hariharan passes away

     

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    • Renowned physicist P. Hariharan died on Sunday in Berkeley, California. He was 89.
    • Dr. Hariharan's research contributions include the design of a new three-beam interferometer, the double-passed Fabry-Perot interferometer, and the first practical radial-shear interferometer.
    • Dr. Hariharan was the first  physicist to apply digital phase-shifting techniques to holographic interferometry for measurements of vector displacements and strains.    
    • Dr. Hariharan has published more than 200 papers and has authored four books.
    • He has worked at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi from 1949 to 1951 and then at the National Research Council, Ottawa from 1951- 1954 and was holding key posts at several scientific institutes and organisations and was also an honorary visiting professor at the University of Sydney.

    Awards and honours

    Dr. Hariharan was a recipient of several awards, including the Joseph Fraunhofer Medal of the Optical Society of America, the Thomas Young Medal of the Institute of Physics, London and the Walter Boas Medal of the Australian Institute of Physics.

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    Image source : the hindu

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  • IT Secretary R S Sharma appointed as the chairman of TRAI

     

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    • IT secretary Ram Sevak Sharma  has been appointed as the chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai)
    • RS Sharma is an IAS officer of 1978 Jharkhand batch and he will replaces Rahul Khullar, who had retired in May 
    • Sharma holds a Master’s degree in mathematics from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, and a Master’s in computer science from the University of California, USA
    • Sharma's appointment for a period of three years or until further orders, whichever is the earliest. Sharma’s appointment assumes importance in the wake of debate over net neutrality in recent time. 
    • It should be noted that RS Sharma  played a key role in implementation of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) as he had worked closely with Nandan Nilekani on the Aadhaar card project. He was the director general and mission director of the scheme
    • Prior to this, Sharma was chief secretary to the Jharkhand government.  He has also worked in the department of economic affairs and dealt with bilateral and multilateral development agencies like the World Bank and Asian Development Bank
    • He was also in-charge of financing of infrastructure projects in the highways, ports, airports and telecom sectors.

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    Image source : The Hindu

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  • FKCCI completed 100 years of service

     

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    • Federation of Karnataka Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FKCCI) completed its hundred years of service on 27 July 2015. The Centenary Year Celebrations of FKCCI will be inaugurated by Pranab Mukherjee, President of India
    • The other key annual events of FKCCI include Founders Day Celebration, MANTHAN 2016, Members Day Celebration, Export Excellence Award 2016, FKCCI Innovation Excellence Award 2016 and International Women’s Day.
    • To mark the centenary year celebrations events which include Conference on banking and finance, seminar on Agricultural Produce and Marketing and Food Processing, seminar on Skill Development, networking with District Chambers for development of tier-2 and -3 cities, Business Women Conference, Investors Conference Karnataka government, Awareness campaign on “Make in India” programme, Pacific Asia Travel Association Exhibition and other special events were held

    About FKCCI

    The chamber was started in 1915 by Bharath Ratna Sir M Visvesvaraya to industrialise the then Mysore State. He was ably supported by then ruler of Mysore State Nalwadi Krishnaraja Wodeyars. The federation’s main aim is to resolve the impediments and create harmony leading to economic development of the State.

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    Image source: new indian express

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  • Jorge Sampaio, Helena Ndume awarded with inaugural Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize

     

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    Dr. Helena Ndume of Namibia and H.E. Mr. Jorge Fernando Branco Sampaio of Portugal have been awarded with the inaugural Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize

    Dr. Helena Ndume (Namibia)

    Dr. Helena Ndume is an ophthalmologist whose life’s work has been the treatment of blindness and eye-related illnesses, both in Namibia and throughout the developing world. she lived in exile in Zambia, Gambia and Angola before studying medicine in Germany at the University of Leipzig, where she received her PhD in 1989.

    Mr. Jorge Fernando Branco Sampaio (Portugal)

    Fernando Branco Sampaio was Born in 1939, Jorge Fernando Branco Sampaio graduated in Law from Lisbon University in 1961.As elected head of the Students’ Union of the Lisbon Law Faculty, he became a leader in the struggle for the restoration of democracy in Portugal, which was eventually achieved through the Carnation Revolution (1974) and the establishment of a liberal democratic constitutional regime in 1976.

    About Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize

    The United Nations Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Prize is an honorary award presented once every five years as a tribute to the outstanding achievements and contributions of two individuals (one female and one male). There will be one female and one male laureate, who shall not be selected from the same geographic region

    The Prize was originally established by General Assembly resolution 68/275 of 6 June 2014 and its Statute was approved by General Assembly resolution 69/269 of 2 April 2015.

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    Image source:ipsnews

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  • Rajesh Exports buys world's largest gold refining company Valcambi for Rs 2,560 cr

     

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    • Indian jewellery firm Rajesh Exports has  bought Valcambi, the world’s largest gold refining company, in an all-cash deal worth $400 million ( Rs 2560 crore).
    • Rajesh Exports, the world's largest gold jewellery maker, will next year raise the capacity of its Indian refinery to 200 tonnes per year from 80 tonnes now with the help of Valcambi's technology
    • India is the world's biggest consumer of gold, with annual demand hovering around 900 tonnes per year. Valcambi has the capacity to refine as much as 1,600 tonnes of gold a year, nearly double India's annual consumption
    • The acquisition of Valcambi was carried out through REL’s subsidiary REL Singapore PTE Ltd, which set up a European arm Global Gold Refinery for the purpose

    The company plans to convert its refinery in Rudrapur, Uttarakhand, into a subsidiary of Valcambi, after modernising the plant and machinery at the unit. To cater to the Asian market in general and the Indian market in particular, REL plans to produce LBMA-accredited gold and silver from Indian facilities in one-two years.

    Rajesh Export Ltd (REL)

    • REL is headquartered in Bangalore, it was incorporated in 1990 REL began operations as a gold jewellery manufacturing and export 
    • company. Since inception it has emphasized on Research and Development.
    • REL has introduced several new designs and concepts of jewellery to the international market.It has evolved as a powerhouse in design, development and distribution of gold jewellery.REL has one of the world's largest jewellery design database of 29000 designs.
    • REL is currently the largest manufacturer of gold jewellery in the world.REL is the lowest cost gold jewellery producer in the world.REL has developed several innovative technologies and processes in the manufacture of Jewellery.

    Valcambi Gold Refinery

    Valcambi is world’s largest gold refinery based at Switzerland and was incorporated in 1965. It specially deals in refining of precious metals that have capacity of over 2,000 tons per year.

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    Image source: The Hindu

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  • Maharashtra govt to develop six solar cities targeting solar capacity of 7,500 MW

     

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    • Maharashtra government has placed a comprehensive plan to develop six solar cities in order to add solar capacity of 7,500 MW in the state.
    • To enhance solar capacity in country Centre has planned to develop 55 solar cities across the country among them six are from Maharashtra these are – Nagpur, Thane, Aurangabad, Kalyan-Dombivli, Shirdi and Nanded.
    • The selection of these cities was done on basis of the population and other criteria and would be developed through the joint funding from Centre and State Government.
    • To meet the increasing demand for power Maharashtra government has targeted to add 14,400 MW through renewable energy source. Out of this target nearly 7,500 MW will be added through solar energy projects, over 5,000 MW will be added through wind and rest from other sources like industrial and domestic waste.
    • Development of 7,500 solar capacity will be conducted in two parts 5,000 MW will be developed through build operate transfer (BOT) under private players through competitive bidding. 
    • Remaining 2,500 MW on public private participation (PPP) basis or will be developed on Engineering Procurement Construction (EPC) basis by the state undertakings MahaGenco or by MahaVitaran with private developers.

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    Image source: The Indian Express

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  • CSC and HCL forms joint venture to provide technology services, solutions to banks

     

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    • Computer Science Corporation (CSC) and Hindustan Computer Limited (HCL) to big IT companies have signed an agreement to form a new company to provide technology services and solutions to the banking industry
    •  In the joint statement the partners said that their main focus will be on platform modernisation, product functionality enhancement and to capitalise their capabilities in addressing global core banking software market.
    •  According to the agreement CSC that serves in 15 countries with 100 premier banking and financial services clients, will provide its core banking expertise for software and product development.
    • Whereas, HCL will provide funds, it’s banking sales and client engagement expertise and also its experience in product engineering and application implementation services in order to modernise the banking industries.

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    Image source :csc.com

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