Current Affairs, News & Facts of 30 Mar 2016

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  • ISRO to launch record 22 satellites in single mission 

     

    ISRO to launch record 22 satellites in single mission PSLV C34 - the trusted launch vehicle of  Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to script history by launching a record number of 22 satellites in a single mission in May 2016.

    It is the highest number of satellites ever to be launched by the space agency, which had earlier sent ten satellites into orbit in a single mission in 2008.

    PSLV C34 which will be carrying India's Cartosat 2C would also have 21 other satellites from countries, including US, Canada, Indonesia and Germany as co-passengers. This launch would be made from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.

    NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) had sent 29 satellites to the orbit in a single launch in 2013, setting a world record. The upcoming ISRO mission would carry LAPAN A3 of Indonesia, BIROS of Germany, SKYSAT GEN 2-1 of US, MVV of Germany among the micro satellites.

    Facts about ISRO

    Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of the Indian government headquartered in the city of Bengaluru. Formed in 1969, ISRO superseded the erstwhile Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), which was established in 1962 by the efforts of independent India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

    Established: 15 August 1969
    Motto : Space technology in the Service of humankind
    Chairman : A S Kiran Kumar

     

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  • 112 to become India’s new emergency number

     

    112 to become India’s new emergency numberThe Telecom Commission has approved "112" as default emergency response number for any situation in India, similar to 911 of United States (US) and 999 of United Kingdom (UK). 

    All existing emergency numbers will be phased out out within a year of implementing the new '112' number. and henceforth Indian citizens in distress will be able to get all emergency services such as police, fire department and ambulance by just dialling "112". The call would be directed to the concerned department. 

    The proposal to unify all emergency point of contacts into a single number was proposed by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) as a part of its recommendations to the telecom department last April.

    Key features of the new service

    1. The service will also be accessible even through those SIMs and landlines whose outgoing call facility has been stopped or temporarily suspended. 

    2. A user will be able to make communication even through SMS and the system will learn about the location of the caller that will be shared with the nearest help centre.

    3. The service will be operated by a call centre like facility, which will have representatives speaking in Hindi, English and the local language. 

    Currently, callers need to dial different numbers for various emergency services, such as 100 for police, 101 for fire department and 102 for ambulance but now by converging one single number for all emergency requirements, callers would find it easier and more comfortable to call.

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  • BHEL commissions 40 MW hydropower plant in West Bengal

     

    BHEL commissions 40 MW hydropower plant in West BengalState-run power equipment maker Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has commissioned a 40-mw unit of a hydro power plant at the Teesta low dam hydroelectric project (HEP) stage IV in West Bengal.

    A run-of-the-river greenfield project, located in Darjeeling district of the state, is being set up by National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC).  

    BHEL’s Bhopal, Jhansi, Rudrapur, Mumbai and Bengaluru facilities had supplied equipment for the project and execution of work was undertaken on site is being. 

    The estimated annual energy generation from the project is expected to be around 720 million units, which will  reduce green-house gas emissions and will help in achieving a low carbon development path for the state as well as the nation. So far BHEL has commissioned nearly 400 hydro generating sets of various ratings with a cumulative capacity of around 20,000 MW. 

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  • Jat Reservation Bill unanimously passed in Haryana Assembly

     

    Jat Reservation Bill unanimously passed in Haryana AssemblyHaryana Legislative Assembly has unanimously passed the Haryana Backward Classes (Reservation in Services and Admission in Educational Institutions) Bill, 2016 thus providing reservation to Jats and five other castes in government jobs and educational institutions in Haryana.

    Jat Reservation Bill

    1. The bill seeks to provide reservation in services and admission in educational institutions to persons belonging to backward classes including Jats and five other castes. 

    2. The bill will give statutory status to Backward classes Block ‘A’, Backward classes Block ‘B’ and Backward classes Block ‘C. Jats, Jat Sikhs, Ror, Bishnoi, Tyagi and Mulla/Muslim Jat have been included in the Block C. 

    3. The bill provides for increase in percentage of reservation in Schedule I, II and III for Class I and II posts for BC ‘A’, BC ‘B’ and BC ‘C’ from 10 percent, five percent and five percent to 11 percent, six percent and six percent respectively.

    4. It has also been decided to increase the existing reservation of five percent for Economically Backward Persons in General Caste Category in Class I and II posts from five percent to seven percent.

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  • Russian Sergey Karjakin wins 2016 FIDE World Chess Candidates Tournament

     

    Russian Sergey Karjakin wins 2016 FIDE World Chess Candidates TournamentRussian Grandmaster Sergey Karjakin has won the FIDE chess candidates tournament in Moscow by defeating American star Fabiano Caruana in the final Round 14 by scoring 8.5 points.

    Karjakin will now play with the incumbent world champion, Norwegian Grandmaster Magnus Carlsen, in a title match this November in New York City.

    Sergey Karjakin Sergey 

    Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin is a Ukrainian-born Russian chess grandmaster.

    He is a former chess prodigy and holds the record for the world's youngest Grandmaster ever, having qualified for this title at the age of 12 years and 7 months.

    Karjakin won the 2012 World Rapid Chess Championship and the Chess World Cup 2015. He also won the Norway Chess Tournament twice (2013, 2014) and the Corus Chess Tournament in 2009.

    He has competed in six Chess Olympiads, three times for Ukraine and three times for Russia, winning three gold medals, two silver and a bronze.

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  • P. Susheela enters Guinness World Records

     

    P. Susheela enters Guinness World RecordsLegendary playback singer P. Susheela Mohan, who has won many awards and earned accolades in a career spanning five decades, has now been recognised by both the Guinness Book of World Records and Asia Book of Records for singing most number of songs in Indian languages.

    She has reportedly recorded upto 17,695 songs (solo, duet and chorus backed songs) in twelve Indian languages as verified on 28 January 2016.

    She was honoured with a Guinness Certificate and also Asia Book of Records Certificate. She has sung songs in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi and other Indian languages. 

    She is also the recipient of five National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer and numerous state awards in her long singing career which includes the Kalaimaamani Award of Tamil Nadu (1991) and Ragupathy Vangayya Award of Andhra Pradesh (2004).

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  • Ten year old boy become youngest to undergo bypass surgery in India

     

    Ten year old boy become youngest to undergo bypass surgery in IndiaA 10-year-old boy suffering from a rare cholesterol disorder "Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)" has become the youngest Indian to undergo a successful bypass surgery, at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New delhi. The surgery was smooth and uneventful and the boy was discharged within one week.

    The patient who is a resident of Mathura, was brought to Fortis-Escorts Heart Institute as he complained of  chest pain and breathlessness over three days. Clinical investigations revealed that he already had suffered a massive heart attack and he was in a condition of heart failure.

    An angiography conducted showed severe coronary artery blockages compromising blood flow to heart muscle necessitating a surgical intervention of urgent Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG). His heart was functioning at 50 per cent capacity.

    Familial hypercholesterolemia :-

    Familial hypercholesterolemia is a rare genetic disorder where the bad cholesterol level remains very high and the liver is unable to remove the bad cholesterol from the blood, leading to artery blockage at an early age resulting in heart attack. It occurs one in a million in general population and is a highly unusual case where a child had to undergo bypass surgery at a young age. 

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