Border Area Development Programme (BADP)
Development of border areas has been a matter of concern for the country. The Border Area Development Programme (BADP) was started in the year 1986-87 in western region namely, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat and Rajasthan because at that point of time these borders were the most volatile border, during the Seventh Five Year Plan period.
Border Area Development Programme (BADP) was initiated for ensuring balanced development of border areas through development of infrastructure and promotion of well being and a sense of security among the border population
Since than the programme has been expanded to cover the border blocks of the 17 States (viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal) which constitute the International Land Borders. It is implemented in 367 Border Blocks of 104 Border Districts in these 17 States.
Objective Of Border Area Development Programme (BADP) :-
The main objective of the BADP is to meet the special developmental needs and well being of the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated near the international border and to saturate the border areas with the entire essential infrastructure through convergence of Central/ State/ BADP/ Local schemes and participatory approach.
Fundings for Border Area Development Programme (BADP):-
The funds under BADP are provided to the States as a 100% non-lapsable Special Central Assistance. The programme is supplemental in nature and the budget allocation for the financial year 2015-16 is Rs.990 crore.
Authorities heading Border Area Development Programme (BADP) :-
- The BADP is being implemented by the Department of Border Management, Ministry of Home Affairs through the State Governments.
- Guidelines of the programme are prepared by the Ministry of Home Affairs in consultation with Planning Commission, Ministry of Finance and concerned State Governments.
- Formulation of schemes/projects, their approval and execution is the primary responsibility of the State Governments. Implementation of the Programme is monitored and reviewed by the State Governments and Ministry of Home Affairs.
Recent Modifications in the BADP guidelines :-
- Coverage of BADP has been extended to cover all the villages which are located within the 0-10 Km of the International Border
- The list of schemes permissible under BADP has been expanded to include schemes/ activities relating to Swatchhta Aabhiyan , Skill Development programmes, Promotion of sports activities in border areas , Promotion of Rural Tourism/ Border Tourism, Protection of heritage sites
- Construction of helipads in remote and inaccessible hilly areas, which do not have road connectivity,Construction of toilets in schools, public places particularly for women; Skill development training to farmers for the use of modern/ scientific technique in farming, Organic farming, etc
- Provision for Third Party Inspection and Quality Control Mechanism under MHA for random inspections of the BADP schemes by independent Monitors (Individual/ Agency) to be designated as National Quality Monitors has been made
- Warehouses for food grains and fodder in hilly areas particularly in snow bound areas of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir, E-chaupals, agrishops, mobile media vans etc. have been made.
- Special/Specific area schemes such as composite development of at least one village of sizeable population surrounded by five-six or more villages close to the border as Model Village