India to build "Neutrino Observatory" on the lines of CERN

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India is going to build its own version of CERN laboratory in the Theni district of Tamil Nadu near the border with Kerala.  

The high-end scientific Neutrino Observatory (INO) will be used for experiments in high energy physics along the lines of CERN in Geneva.

What it will be like ?

  • The underground project will comprise a complex of caverns - the main cavern, which will house the current detector will be 130 meters long, 26 meters wide and 30 meter high. 
  • There will be two smaller caverns to be used for setting up experiments for neutrino double detector and dark matters.
  • The complex will be approached by a 2-kms long tunnel. The Inter Institutional Centre for High Energy Physics will come up in Madurai, about 110 kilometers from the Observatory. 

Moreover

  • International participation will be sought to turn the facility into a global hub for high-end research like the CERN in Geneva.
  • India, however, will continue to participation in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project of CERN.

What is CERN?

  • CERN stands for 'European Organization for Nuclear Research'. 

What it does?

  • This world-class fundamental physics research organization operates a high-end laboratory near Geneva.
  • Scientists are experimenting there to gain a deeper insight into the fundamental structure of the universe. 
  • They use the world's largest and most complex scientific instruments to study the basic constituents of matter - the fundamental particles. 
  • The particles are made to collide together at close to the speed of light. 
  • The process gives the physicists clues about how the particles interact, and provides insights into the fundamental laws of nature.
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