Indian-American AJ Paulraj wins Marconi Prize 2014

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Indian-American scientist AJ Paulraj has been honoured with the Marconi Prize 2014 for developing the theory and applications of MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technology. The prestigious award, often called the Nobel equivalent for technology world, carries a cash prize of $100,000.


  • He discovered that using multiple antennas at both the transmitting and receiving stations can increase the delivery speed of multimedia content through wireless broadband services by manifold.
  • It is this technology that has made possible the advent and success of current high speed WiFi and 4G mobile communication systems.
  • Every wifi router and 4G phone which we use today owe its success to this very invention.


  • He is at present a Professor (Emeritus) at Stanford University.
  • He before migrating to US, thanks to the infamous Brain-Drain syndrome, was an electrical engineer for the Indian Navy.

The Award

  • The Marconi Prize is an annual award honouring advancements in communication technology
  • It is awarded by the Marconi Society which was founded by Gioia Marconi Braga - daughter of the legendary radio inventor Guglielmo Marconi- in 1974.

India at the Awards

  • Acclaimed scientist and educator Yash Pal is the sole Indian citizen to have ever won this prestigious recognition.
  • He did that in 1980 when he was recognized for pioneering modern communications technology to meet the needs of isolated rural villagers in India.

Famous Winners

  • Tim Berners-Lee for world wide web
  • Internet pioneer Vint Cerf 
  • Father of the Cell phone Martin Cooper
  • Lawrence E. Page and Sergey Brin for the development of Google
  • Charles K. Kao for developing fiber-optic communications
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