Largest, Biggest and Highest in India

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  • Highest Award of the countryBharat Ratna is the highest civilian Award of the country. It was instituted in the year 1954. It is awarded in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order in any field of human endeavour.The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President.The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
  • Highest Gallantry Award : The Param Vir Chakra (PVC) is India's highest military decoration awarded for the highest degree of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy. The medal has been awarded 21 times, 14 of which were posthumous awards.  it is similar to the Medal of Honor in the United States and the Victoria Cross in the United Kingdom. 
  • Longest River in India : Ganga is the longest river of India. The total length of the Ganga river from its source to its mouth (measured along the Hughli) is 2525 km of which 1450 km is in the Uttar Pradesh, 445 km in Bihar and 520 km in West Bengal. The remaining 110 km stretch of the Ganga forms the boundary between Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
  • Longest Tributary river of India : Yamuna is the longest tributary river of India. It travels a total length of 1,376 kilometers (855 mi) and has a drainage system of 366,223 square kilometres (141,399 sq mi), 40.2% of the entire Ganges Basin, before merging with the Ganges at Triveni Sangam, Allahabad, the site for the Kumbha Mela every twelve years.
  • Largest Fresh Water Lake of India : Wular Lake is the largest fresh water lake of India. The lake's size varies seasonally from 12 to 100 square miles (30 to 260 square kilometers). It is located in  Bandipora district of  Jammu and Kashmir.                                
  • Largest Saline Water Lake : Chilika Lake is the largest  Saline Water Lake of India. It is spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state covering an area of over 1,100 km2. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.
  • Largest Man-Made Lake of India : Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar lake is the largest man-made lake of India. It is  situated in southern region of Sonebhadra (Eastern Uttar Pradesh )
  • Highest Lake : Tso Lhamo lake  or Chho Lhamo is one of the highest lakes in the world, located at an altitude of 5,330 m (17,490 ft). It is situated in North Sikkim, India, only some 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) southwest of the Chinese border.                       
  • Largest inland salt lake : The Sambhar Salt Lake is the  largest inland salt lake. It is a  bowl shape lake which encircles historical Sambhar Lake Town. It is an elliptically shaped lake 35.5 km long with a breadth varying between 3 km and 11 km.
  • Highest Peak : Kangchenjung is the third highest mountain in the world. It lies partly in Nepal and partly in Sikkim. It has an height of 8,586 m (28,169 ft). The main peak of Kangchenjunga is the highest mountain in India and the second highest in Nepal after Mount Everest.
  • Most populous City : Mumbai the capital city of Maharashtra is the  most populous city in India and the ninth most populous agglomeration in the world, with an estimated city population of 18.4 million.It is also the wealthiest city in India. Mumbai has the highest number of billionaires and millionaires among all cities in India.   
  • Largest State (Area) : Rajasthan is India's largest state by area covering 10.4% of India's total area. It comprises India's largest Thar desert.The state was formed on 30 March 1949 when Rajputana was merged into the Dominion of India.                     
  • Largest State (Population) : Uttar Pradesh with over 200 million inhabitants is the most populous state in the country as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. Hindi is the official and most widely spoken language in its 75 districts. Uttar Pradesh is the third largest Indian state by economy, with a GDP of Rs. 9763 billion.
  • Highest rainfall : Mawsynram a  village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya is the wettest place in India. It has the annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres.
  • Highest Waterfall : Nohkalikai Falls (335 meters, 1100 ft high) is the heighest waterfall in India. The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth.
  • State wise largest area under forest : Madhya Pradesh which is often called as the Heart of India, has a forest cover of 95,221 km2 constituting 31% of the geographical area of the state and 12.44% of the forest area of the country.There are ten national parks and twenty five wildlife sanctuaries.
  • Largest Delta : Sundarbans is the largest delta in India.The Sundarbans covers approximately 10,000 square kilometres  most of which is in Bangladesh with the remainder in India. The Sundarbans is a UNESCO World Heritage Site . This region is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger .                                       
  • Longest Cantilever Span bridge : Howrah Bridge is the longest Cantilever Span bridge. It has a  suspended span over the Hooghly River in West Bengal. It is busiest cantilever bridge in the world as it carries a daily traffic of approximately 100,000 vehicles and possibly more than 150,000 pedestrians.
  • Longest River Bridge : The Bandra–Worli Sea Link, which is officially called Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link, is the longest river bridge. It links Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with Worli in South Mumbai. The bridge was built by the Hindustan Construction Company. The sea-link reduces travel time between Bandra and Worli during peak hours from 60–90 minutes to 20–30 minutes.                               
  • Biggest Cave temple :   Ellora are the biggest cave temple  in India. It is an archaeological site 29 km north-west of the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Ellora is an UNESCO World Heritage Site and forms one of major tourist attraction in Marathwada region of Maharashtra.
  • Longest Road : National Highway 7 that connects Varanasi to Kanyakumari is the longest national highway in India. It is 2,369 km long. It runs through the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.
  • Highest Road of India : Khardung La located at 5,359 m (17,582 ft) is situated 39 km by road from Leh. It is the gateway to the Shyok and Nubra valleys.
  • Biggest Mosque of India : Jama Masjid is the biggest mosque in India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1656 at a cost of 1 million rupees, and was inaugurated by an imam from Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan. The courtyard can accommodate more than 25,000 persons.
  • Tallest Statue in India : Parital Anjaneya Swami Temple is the statue of Lord Hanuma. it is the World’s tallest Hanuman and the tallest statue in India with an height of41 m (135 ft) installed in 2003.
  • Largest Church  in India : Sé Catedral de Santa Catarina, known as Se Cathedral,  located in Goa is the largest Church in India. This Cathedral is dedicated to Catherine of Alexandria. This church was built to honor the victory of Portuguese under a Muslim army, which led to the capture of the city of Goa.
  • Highest Battle Field : The Siachen Glacier is the highest battle field in India.Entire Siachen Glacier with all major passes is currently under administration of India since 1984. It is based at the altitude of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above sea level at its head at Indira Col on the China border down to 3,620 m (11,875 ft) at its terminus.
  • Highest Airport : Kushok Bakula Rimpochhe Airport located in  Leh, Jammu and Kashmir is the highest airport in India. It is located at an altitude of  3,256 m (10,682 ft) above mean sea level.
  • Biggest Stadium : Salt Lake Stadium or Yuva Bharati Krirangan is the biggest stadium in India.  It is the largest stadium in India by capacity.  Previously, before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000.
  • Longest Railway Route : The Dibrugarh - Kanyakumari rail route is the longest  Railway Route in India. Vivek Express that runs  from Dibrugarh in India's north eastern state Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu the southernmost state of India travels for  84.45 hours covering a distance of 4,273 kilometres (2,655 mi) and traverses seven states in India.          
  • Longest Railway Platform : Gorakhpur Railway Station has the world’s Longest Railway platform with a length of 1,366. m while Kollam Junction, Kerala is the second longest as it has the length of  1,180.5 m (3,873 ft), Kharagpur is the third longest railway platform as it has the length of 1,072.5 m (3,519 ft).
  • Longest Canal : The Indira Gandhi Canal is the largest canal projects in India. It starts from the Harike Barrage at Firozpur in the Indian state of Punjab and terminates in irrigation facilities in the Thar Desert in the north west of Rajasthan state. The idea  of building Indira Gandhi Canal was of  hydraulic engineer, Kanwar Sain in the late 1940s who proposed that 2 million hectares of desert land in Bikaner and the northwest corner of Jaisalmer could be brought under irrigation from the stored waters of Punjab rivers. 
  • Longest Dam : Hirakud Dam built across the Mahanadi River is the longest dam in India. The mains section of the dam is 4.8 km long and entire length of the dam is 25.8 km.
  • Highest Dam : The Tehri Dam is the tallest dam in India and one of the tallest in the world. It is built on  the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand. It has the height of 260.5 m (855 ft). The Tehri Dam has been the object of protests by environmental organizations and local people of the region.
  • Fastest Train : Shatabdi Express running between New Delhi and Bhopal is the fastest train in India. It runs at a peak speed of 150 km/h (93 mph)
  • Largest Desert : Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert is the largest desert in India. It forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. It is the world's 17th largest desert, and the world's 9th largest subtropical desert. About 85% of the Thar Desert is in India, and the remaining part in Pakistan. 
  • Largest District : Kutch district of Gujarat is the largest district in India. It covers an area of  45,652 km² 
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