Maharashtra declares Thane creek area as 'Flamingo Sanctuary'

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17 sq km area along Thane Creek has been declared as Flamingo Sanctuary by the Maharashtra government . In this regard The Revenue and Forests Department has issued a notification declaring the "Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary" under Sec. 18 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

The Sanctuary, which is named as the "Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary" will be Maharashtra's second Marine sanctuary, after Malvan.It will be spread over an area of 1,690 hectares, which includes 896 hectares of mangroves and 794 hectares of adjacent water body

Migration period 

Since 1994, the Thane Creek has been attracting flamingos in large numbers. By November, more than 30,000 of these beautiful birds, along with their chicks occupy the mudflats and the bordering mangroves and remain there until May. 

Species found

Almost 90% of the Flamingo population consists of Lesser Flamingos and the remaining are Greater Flamingos. Besides Flamingos the area is also home to many resident and migratory birds. In all, about 200 species of birds have been reported from this area, which include Globally Threatened Species like the Greater Spotted Eagle (IUCN Category-Vulnerable) and others like Osprey (listed in Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act). 

Other bird species include the Pied Avocet, Western Reef Heron, Black-headed Ibis, Common Redshank, Marsh Sandpiper, Common Greenshank, Curlew Sandpiper, Brown-headed Gull, Whiskered Tern, Gull-billed Tern, Caspian Tern, Little Tern, White Bellied Sea Eagle and Eurasian Marsh Harrier.

Management of the Sanctuary

The ‘Mumbai Mangrove Conservation Unit’ under the Mangrove Cell will be responsible for the management of the Sanctuary. 
Sub divisional officer Mumbai suburban district will determine the existence, nature and extent of rights of any person in or over the land within the limits of the said area 

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