What is Sarin
Sarin, also known as GB, is a man-made chemical warfare agent classified as a nerve agent (most toxic and rapidly acting of the known chemical warfare agents). They are similar but much more potent than Organophosphates (used as Insecticide) in terms of action and effects.
- Sarin is a clear, colorless, and tasteless liquid that has no odor in its pure form. However, sarin can evaporate into a vapor (gas) and spread into the environment.
- Not found naturally in the environment Sarin originally was developed in 1938 in Germany as a pesticide but first used as chemical weapons by opposition fighters in Turkey. Later they were allegedly used as chemical warfare during the Iran-Iraq War in the 1980s and in two terrorist attacks in Japan in 1994 and 1995.
- They spread through skin contact, eye contact, breathing air that contains sarin or sarin mixed water.
- symptoms includes : sweating and muscle twitching, Loss of consciousness, Convulsions, Paralysis, Respiratory failure possibly leading to death etc.
- It works like all other nerve agents: preventing the proper operation of the chemical that acts as the body’s “off switch” for glands and muscles. Without an “off switch,” the glands and muscles are constantly being stimulated. They may tire and no longer be able to sustain breathing function.
Sarin is the most volatile of the nerve agents, which means that it can easily and quickly evaporate from a liquid into a vapor and spread into the environment. People can be exposed to the vapor even if they do not come in contact with the liquid form of sarin.