Current Affairs, News & Facts of 15 Feb 2016

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  • Indian Ambassador to Tajikistan Biraja Prasad passes away


    Indian Ambassador to Tajikistan Biraja Prasad passes awayIndia's Ambassador to Tajikistan Biraja Prasad passed away following a massive cardiac arrest. He was a 1998 batch Indian Foreign Service officer and the youngest IFS officer to be appointed as India's Ambassador to any country.

    About Biraja Prasad

    Biraja Prasad had Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Electronics and Communication Engineering.     He joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1998. 

    He had held different diplomatic assignments such as third secretary and then second secretary (Political) in Embassy of India, Moscow (Russian Federation) from 2000 to 2002 and Second Secretary (Political and Commercial).

    He had also served as under secretary (Russia) in the Ministry of External Affairs , New Delhi, from 2004 to 2005 and under secretary (Europe West) from 2005 to 2007.

    He  had also worked as undersecretary (Europe West) from 2005 to 2007 in MEA where had handled work related to India’s bilateral relations with Russia, France, Germany and Spain.  He had also worked as Deputy Chief of Mission in Embassy of India at Madrid (Spain).

  • West Indies wins ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup 2016


    West Indies wins ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup 2016West Indies U-19 team has won the 2016 ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup for the first time by defeating India which is three time world champion of  ICC U-19 World Cup. West Indies defeated India by five wickets in the final match played at Mirpur (Bangladesh). In the final match West Indies team achieved the target of 146 runs set by India in 49.3 overs. In the first inning, the score of Indian team was 145 in 45.1 overs.

    Man of the match: Keacy Carty (West Indies) 
    Player of the tournament: Mehidy Hasan Miraz (Bangladesh)

    2016 Under-19 Cricket World Cup

    It was the eleventh edition of the Under-19 Cricket World Cup, and the second to be held in Bangladesh, after the 2004 event. Ten teams qualified automatically for the tournament through their status as ICC full members, while five others qualified by winning regional qualifying events. Ishan Kishan was the captain of Indian team.

    Top five cricket teams: West Indies, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

    It was fifth time India was playing in the Under-19 World Cup final. West Indies was appearing for the second time in the final match.

  • Make in India week: 3 MoUs worth Rs 21,000 Cr signed


    Make in India week: 3 MoUs worth Rs 21,000 Cr signedOn the first day of Make in India week in Mumbai, Maharashtra, three Memorandum of Understandings (MoU) were signed, envisaging total investment of Rs 21,000 crore.These MoUs were signed in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis.

    The MoUs Signed are :

    First MoU: As part of ‘Farm to Fabric’ initiative a MoU has been signed between Raymond Industries and MIDC under which Raymond intends to invest 1,400 crore rupees for manufacturing of abric, linen yarn and garmenting in the state. 

    Second MoU : TwinStar Display has inked MoU with Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) to set up an LCD manufacturing unit in collaboration with Autron of Taiwan. The project entails investment of 20,000 crore rupees.

    Third MoU:  Hindustan Coca Cola Beverages, Jain Irrigation Pvt Ltd and Department of Agriculture and Marketing of Maharashtra have signed the MoU for setting up a juice manufacturing facility to support farmers growing oranges in Vidarbha region of state.

  • Film on conservation efforts by Nagaland villagers wins award


    Film on conservation efforts by Nagaland villagers wins award'Nagaland is changing, But...', a film on conservation efforts by villagers has won the Golden Beaver Best Film Award in the institutional category at this year's 6th National Science Film Festival in Mumbai. The film also received the technical excellence award for best sound design at the festival, organized by Vigyan Prasar of the Department of Science and Technology. 

    The film was produced by Nagaland State Forest Department in 2015, in technical collaboration with TERI, New Delhi. The film is about community conservation areas of Nagaland at Sendenyu village in Kohima district and Sukhai village in Zunheboto district. 

  • Pachauri goes on leave, Ashok Chawla appointed as new Chairman of TERI


    Pachauri goes on leave, Ashok Chawla appointed as new Chairman of TERIFacing widespread criticism from the media and women’s rights lawyers, R K Pachauri went on indefinite leave from TERI and its Governing Council, just three days after he was elevated to the position of Executive Vice Chairman of The Energy and Resources Institute TERI.

    The Governing Council of TERI has appointed Former finance secretary Ashok Chawla as the Chairman of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) replacing noted scientist B V Sreekantan. He has also has been appointed as Chairman of TERI’s Governing Council. The executive powers of TERI have been vested in Ajay Mathur, its new director general who assumed charge on February 8.

    Ashok Chawla is an  IAS officer of 1973 batch from Gujarat cadre. He has served as the former Union Finance Secretary and former Chairman of the Competition Commission of India (CCI).

    The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

    The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is a non-profit research institution that conducts research work in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development.

    • Establishment of TERI : The establishment of TERI is rooted to Mithapur, a remote town in Gujarat, where a TATA engineer, Darbari Seth, was concerned about the enormous quantities of energy his factory spent on desalination. He proposed the idea of a research institute to tackle the depletion of natural resources and energy scarcity. His innovative idea was liked and accepted by the than chairman of the TATA Group, J. R. D. Tata and TERI was set up with a modest corpus of 35 million rupees. It was renamed as The Energy and Resources Institute in 2003.
    • Objectives : The main motto of  TERI is to formulate local and national level strategies for shaping global solutions to critical issues. TERI has over 1200 employees, especially research professionals from different disciplines pertaining to issues of environment and energy. In 2013, International Centre for Climate Governance (ICCG) ranked it as the topmost global think-tank.



  • Vidya Balan honoured with ‘Pride of Kerala’ award


    Vidya Balan honoured with ‘Pride of Kerala’ award

    Bollywood actress Vidya Balan, who hails from Kerala has been felicitated with ‘Pride of Kerala’ award by the World Malayalee Council and Kairali TV.  National award-winning actress made her debut in Bollywood in 2005 in Parineeta and had featured in films like “Parineeta”, “Paa”, “No One Killed Jessica”, “The Dirty Picture” and “Kahaani”. 

    Awards and Honours : She was awarded five Filmfare Awards in Best Female Debut category for Parineeta (2005), Best Actress for Paa (2009), The Dirty Picture (2011) and Kahaani (2012) and Critics Award for Best Actress for Ishqiya (2010). She has also got National Film Award for Best Actress for The Dirty Picture (2011) and Padma Shri Award in 2014.

  • Jnanpith-winning, Malayalam poet O N V Kurup passes away


    Jnanpith-winning, Malayalam poet O N V Kurup passes away

    The celebrated Malayalam poet and lyricist O N V Kurup (84), passed away in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala due to age-related ailments. He was the face of the Malayalam cultural world through his works and also a leading person of progressive movement in Kerala.

    About O N V Kurup

    He was born on 27 May 1931 at Chavara, Kollam. He graduated in Economics from SN College, Kollam and later pursued Master of Arts in Malayalam literature from  Travancore University. His first poem “Munnottu” (Forward) about his patriotic feelings was published in 1946.

    He was much-loved and respected teacher of Malayalam literature and started his career as a lecturer in Maharajas College, Ernakulam  later he taught at the different colleges and retired from service in 1986. O. N. V. Kurup was also a lyricist in Malayalam cinema. He has penned a lot of lyrics for dramas and TV serials also.

    • Notable works : His notable works include Agnishalabhangal (1971), Aksharam (1974), Uppu (1980), Bhoomikkoru Charamageetham (1984), Ujjayini (1994) and Swayamvaram (1995). He had served as Chairman of the Kerala Kalamdandalam and also held several top positions in various arts and literary bodies.
    • Awards and Honours: He was awarded Padma Shri in 1998, Padma Vibhushan in 2011, Jnanpith Award in 2007.
  • Tamar Hahn of Israel appointed as Director of United Nations Information Centre


    Tamar Hahn of Israel appointed as Director of United Nations Information Centre

    United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has appointed Tamar Hahn from Israel as the Director of the United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) in Buenos Aires.

    Prior to this appointment, she was serving as the Regional Adviser for Resource Mobilization and Partnerships at the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean in Panama City, Panama, since 2013.

    United Nations Information Centre

    United Nations Information Centres which have the network of 63 centres  around the world serves as regional couriers of information from the UN to the local public.They are operated by the United Nations Department of Public Information.

    These centres, work in coordination with the UN system, reach out to the media and educational institutions, engage in partnerships with governments, local civil society organizations and the private sector, and maintain libraries and electronic information resource.

  • Union Government launches National Framework for Elimination of Malaria 


    Union Government launches National Framework for Elimination of Malaria

    Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare, Shri J P Nadda has launched the National Framework for MalariaElimination (NFME) 2016-2030, which outlines India’s strategy for elimination of the disease by 2030 after neighbouring countries like Sri Lanka and Nepal reported no deaths due to the vector-borne disease in the past several years.

    Highlights of the framework :

    This framework has been developed with a vision to eliminate malaria from the country and contribute to improved health and quality of life and alleviation of poverty. Under the framework whole country will be divided into three categories as per malaria prevalence — low (Category 1), moderate (Category 2) and endemic (Category 3) States. 


    Objectives of the NFME :

    • Eliminate malaria from all low (Category 1) and moderate (Category 2) endemic states/UTs  by 2022
    • Reduce incidence of malaria to less than 1 case per 1000 population in all States/UTs by 2024
    • Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria in all category 3 states by 2027. 
    • Prevent re-establishment of local transmission of malaria in areas where it has been eliminated and to maintain malaria-free status of the country by 2030.

    By the end of 2017, all States/UTs are expected to bring down Annual Parasite Incidence [API] to less than one per thousand population. By the end of 2020, 15 endemic (category 1) States/UTs are expected to interrupt transmission of malaria and achieve 0 indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria. By end of 2020, 15 states/UTs under category 1 (elimination phase) are expected to interrupt transmission of malaria and achieve zero indigenous cases and deaths due to malaria.

  • Soviet football legend Anatoli Ilyin passes away


    Soviet football legend Anatoli Ilyin passes away

    Soviet football legend Anatoly Ilyin passed away on 10 February 2016 in Moscow, Russia. He was 84. He played for the Spartak Moscow club for the majority of his professional career (1949-1962).

    He mostly played at striker position and was capped 31 times by the then Sovietbetween 1952-59 and scored 16 goals and was best known for scoring winning goal that had helped Russia  to win gold medal in the 1956 Melbourne Olympics against Yugoslavia. Ilyin also participated in the 1958 FIFA World Cup. 

    Anatoli Ilyin was the member of  Grigory Fedotov club. He was Soviet Top League winner in 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1962 and  Top League top scorer in  1954 (11 goals) and 1958 (20 goals).

  • Neem extract may help treat pancreatic cancer: Study


    Neem extract may help treat pancreatic cancer: StudyA new study has claimed that the natural extract derived from the neem tree, commonly found in India, could potentially be used to treat pancreatic cancer without harming normal, healthy cells.The study was conducted by the researchers from the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso). The findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports. 

    Neem : Miraculous drug for pancreatic cancer

    Scientists tested nimbolide, a compound found in neem leaves, against pancreatic cancer in cell lines and mice. Scientists tested nimbolide, a compound found in neem leaves, against pancreatic cancer in cell lines and mice. The results showed that nimbolide can stop pancreatic cancer's growth and metastasis without harming normal, healthy cells. 

    During the study it was observed that nimbolide was able to reduce the migration and invasion capabilities of pancreatic cancer cells by 70 per cent which means that cancerous cells did not become aggressive and spread. It should be noted that in humans, this migration and invasion-or metastasis-of pancreatic cancer to other regions of the body is the chief cause of mortality. Nimbolide treatments also induced cancer cell death, causing the size and number of pancreatic cancer cell colonies to drop by 80 per cent. 

    Pancreatic cancer : Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass. It has the highest mortality rate among the all other forms of cancers.Around 94 per cent of patients suffering from it die within five years of diagnosis. 

    Medicinal values of Neem tree : Azadirachta indica which is commonly known as Neem, is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is native to India and the Indian subcontinent including Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Products made from neem trees have been used in India for over two millennia for their medicinal properties. Neem products are believed by Siddha and Ayurvedic practitioners to be antihelmenthic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive and sedative. Neem oil contains fatty acid and vitamin E and is used for healthy hair, to improve liver function, detoxify the blood, and balance blood sugar levels


2nd Aug

Exam Date : 02-08-2016

Exam Time : 07:15:00

Ques/Time : 6/5 min


Exam Date : 01-08-2016

Exam Time : 06:00:00

Ques/Time : 8/5 min

Todays test

Exam Date : 22-07-2016

Exam Time : 05:10:00

Ques/Time : 3/5 min