India 140th in world in freedom of the press
India retains a dismal 140th rank among 180 countries in the World Press Freedom Index 2014 which has been topped once again by the Finland.
Points to Note
- The report, published by Paris-based organisation 'Reporters without Border', cites violence to muzzle free speech both by state and non-state actors as a grave concern in India.
- Finland has topped the Ranking followed by Netherland and Norway (same trio as last year).
Observance on India
- India in general has a grave challenge to reduce the violence and censorship against free speech but Kashmir and Chhattisgarh stand out in particular where violence and censorship are at worst.
- This is in tune with the global environment where conflicts and media freedom have been found to be in negative correlation (inversely proportional).
The Index is based on:
- Assessment of the countries' press freedom records in the previous year,
- Degree of freedom that journalists, news organizations, and netizens enjoy,
- Efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom.
- It however do not reflect country's quality of journalism or its human rights violations record .
- It also does not take in to account any country's political system (like democracy, monarchy).
- Finland: 1st
- Netherlands: 2nd
- Norway: 3rd
- Luxembourg: 4th
- Andorra: 5th
- Eritrea: 180th
- North Korea: 179th
- Turkmenistan: 178th
- Syria: 177th
- Somalia: 176th
The bottom 3 are there for the last 4 years
- Germany: 14th
- Japan: 59th
- UK: 33rd
- US: 46th (a drop of 14th position from last year's 32nd)
- South Africa: 42nd
- Brazil: 111th
- India: 140th
- Russia 148th
- China: 175th
- Pakistan: 158th
- Nepal 120th
- Myanmar: 145th
- Sri Lanka: 165th