India hosts 3rd World Agroforestry Congress

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3rd World Agroforestry Congress was recently (Feb 2014) inaugurated in New Delhi by the president Pranab Mukherjee. It was jointly organized by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), World Agro-forestry Centre and the Indian Society of Agro-forestry.

  • This was the Third edition of the World Congress. The First Two were Held in :

1st World Agroforestry Congress : Florida, USA (in 2004)
2nd World Agroforestry Congress : Nairobi, Kenya (in 2009)

  • This was the First ever World Agroforestry Congress in Asia Pacific Region.
  • Theme: ‘Trees for Life: Accelerating the Impact of Agro-forestry’

World Agroforestry Centre (or ICRAF i.e International Centre For Research On Agriculture And Forestry)

  • Mission : to generate science-based knowledge about the diverse roles that trees play in agricultural landscapes, and to use its research to advance policies and practices, and their implementation, that benefit the poor and the environment.
  • to improve food security, nutrition, income, health, shelter, social cohesion, energy resources and environmental sustainability of rural area in developing countries.
  • Other Goals : poverty alleviation which requires enhanced food security and health, improved productivity with lower environmental and social costs, and resilience in the face of climate change and other external shocks.
  • HeadquarterNairobi, Kenya (5 regional offices : Cameroon, India, Indonesia, Kenya and Peru).
  • is one of the 15 CGIAR  Consortium Research Centre (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research - a global partnership of 15 organisations that unites them in pursuing their goal of research for a food secure future and are dedicated to reducing rural poverty, increasing food security, improving human health and nutrition, and ensuring more sustainable management of natural resources.)

Role of Agro-forestry

  • It produces food, fuel and fibre 
  • Its a major source of livelihoods and also helps in preventing deforestation 
  • It is a must for protects water resources and fighting off soil-erosion.

Agro-forestry despite having immense potential to enhance the productivity of land and suuply livelihood in an environmentally and economically sustainable manner is marred by negligence.

Challenges

  • Lack of policy incentives. 
  • Inadequate knowledge dissemination. 
  • Legal constraints and poor coordination among its beneficiary sectors. 
  • Inadequate investment and weak market linkages.

The way forwardInnovation of eco-technologies that is a fine mixture of traditional ecological prudence with renewable energy technology. 

Facts

  • About 1.2 billion rural people are indulged in agroforestry across the world.
  • The government plans to raise our vegetation cover to from the present less than 25% to ambitious 33 %.
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