Mauricio Macri sworn in as President of Argentina

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A prominent businessman and Argentine civil engineer Mauricio Macri from Republican Proposal Party (RPP) has been sworn in as new President of Argentina after taking oath in the Congress. Macri won the first ballotage in Argentina's history and is the first democratically non-radical or peronist President since 1916. 

Background

Argentine general election, 2015 was held in Argentina on 25 October 2015 and  a second round of voting between the two leading candidates took place on 22 November, but since both the candidates were very close in majority a runoff election was held in which Mauricio Macri defeated his opposition leader Daniel Scioli. His victory ended the 12 years of leftist rule in Argentina.

Key Facts about Mauricio Macri :

  • Mauricio Macri born on 8 February 1959 in Tandil, Argentina is the son of Francisco Macri who is one of Argentina’s richest men.
  • Professionally Mauricio Macri is an civil engineer and a prominent businessman who runs a vast empire. He is a gradutae of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina and also studied in the Columbia Business School in New York
  • In 1995  Macri became President of Boca Juniors, one of the two most popular football clubs in the country and later he used his success at the club as a springboard for his political career. In 2005 he created the right-wing electoral front Republican Proposal (Propuesta Republicana), also known as PRO.
  • Macri was previously the Head of Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires from 2007 to 2015 and represented the City of Buenos Aires in the lower house of the Argentine congress from 2005 to 2007.

What is Peronism ?

Peronism or Justicialism  is an Argentine political movement based on the political thought of former President Juan Domingo Peron and his second wife, Eva Peron. The pillars of the Peronist ideal, known as the "three flags", are social justice, economic independence, and political sovereignty. Since its inception in 1946, Peronist candidates have won 9 of the 12 presidential elections that they have not been banned from participating in. As of 2012, Perón was the only Argentine to have been elected president three times.

Electoral system of  Argentina :

The election of the president was carried out using the ballotage system, a modified version of the two-round system in which a candidate would win if they received 45% of the vote, or if they received 40% of the vote and were 10 percentage points ahead of the second-place candidate. Voting was compulsory for citizens between 18 and 70 years old.  Suffrage was also extended to 16- and 17-year-olds, though without compulsory voting

 

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