7 colours to prevent 7 diseases
Mission Indradhanush is a nationwide programme to enhance immunisation coverage among children. It was launched by Union Health Minister J P Nadda on the occasion of National Good Governance Day. Immunisation coverage in India has been growing at a rate of only one per cent with the national average increasing from 61 per cent to 65 per cent between 2009 and 2013. The goal of this programme is to achieve total immunisation coverage by 2020.
Let us take a look of some salient features of this mission:-
- Mission Indradhanush which depicts 7 colours of the rainbow aims to immunise all children against the 7 preventable diseases which are Diphtheria,Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Childhood TB, Measles and Hepatitis B.
- The districts with less than 50 per cent immunisation coverage have been chosen for the intensified campaign.
- Under this program, four special vaccination campaigns will be conducted between January and June 2015
- It will be implemented in two phases in 2015.First phase will cover 201 districts, while second phase will cover 297 districts
- Out of the 201 districts, 82 districts are in just four states of UP, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan and nearly 25 percent of the unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children of India are in these 82 districts of 4 states.
- Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA), anganwadi workers and other health workers will be involved in this Mission.Their task will be to visit every house and ensure that children who have not been vaccinated are brought to the vaccination centres.
- The ministry will be supported by WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and other donor partners .While the mass media, interpersonal communication will play crucial role to monitor and evaluate the sturdy mechanisms for implementing this mission.