More than 50 animal species critically endangered
Out of 96,000 animal species in the country, more than 50 have been assessed as "critically endangered" and 310 as "endangered". It was announced by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.
Studies conducted by Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) have recorded 96,000 species of animals from India, among these, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed 18 species of amphibians, 14 varieties of fish, 13 birds and 10 mammals as critically endangered and 310 species as endangered, including 69 fish, 38 mammals and 32 amphibians.
As per the data available with Botanical Survey of India (BSI), out of 19,156 species of vascular plants, 1,236 species belong to different threatened categories like critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable.
Conservation efforts : Towards conservation of threatened species, the government has established 730 Protected Areas, including 103 national parks, 535 wildlife sanctuaries, 26 community reserves and 66 conservation reserves, which primarily cover habitats of threatened megafauna such as tiger, rhino, elephant and others. Nine of the 18 biosphere reserves in India are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO.
Recovery programme: National CAMPA Advisory Council has approved the funding for recovery programme of various endangered species which includes Dugong with a budget of Rs 23.58 crore, Gangetic River Dolphin with Rs 23 crore, Great Indian Bustard with Rs 108.25 crore, Manipur Brow Antlered deer with budgetary support of Rs 99.95 crore and wild Buffalo with Rs 2 crore.
|1||Great Rann of Kutch||Gujarat||2008|
|2||Gulf of Mannar||Tamil Nadu||1989|
|5||Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka||1986|
|6||Dehang - Debang||Part of Siang and Dibang Valley||1998|
|7||Pachmarhi||Parts of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara District||1999|
|8||Similipal||Part of Mayurbhanj district||1994|
|9||Achanakamar - Amarkantak||Amarkantak Part of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspur districts||2005|
|10||Manas||Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang Districts||1989|
|11||Kanchanjunga||Parts of Kangchenjunga||2000|
|12||Agasthyamalai||Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas||2001|
|13||Great Nicobar||Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands||1989|
|14||Nokrek||Part of Garo Hills||1988|
|15||Dibru-Saikhowa||Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts||1997|
|16||Cold Desert||Himachal Pradesh||2009|
|17||Sheshachalam Hill||Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts||2010|
|18||Panna Biosphere Reserve||Part of Panna District and Chhatarpur District||2011|