More than 50 animal species critically endangered

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Out of 96,000 animal species in the country, more than 50 have been assessed as "critically endangered" and 310 as "endangered".  It was announced by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha.

Studies conducted by Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) have recorded 96,000 species of animals from India, among these, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has assessed 18 species of amphibians, 14 varieties of fish, 13 birds and 10 mammals as critically endangered and 310 species as endangered, including 69 fish, 38 mammals and 32 amphibians.

As per the data available with Botanical Survey of India (BSI), out of 19,156 species of vascular plants, 1,236 species belong to different threatened categories like critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable. 

Conservation efforts : Towards conservation of threatened species, the government has established 730 Protected Areas, including 103 national parks, 535 wildlife sanctuaries, 26 community reserves and 66 conservation reserves, which primarily cover habitats of threatened megafauna such as tiger, rhino, elephant and others. Nine of the 18 biosphere reserves in India are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves of UNESCO.

Recovery programme: National CAMPA Advisory Council has approved the funding for recovery programme of various endangered species which includes Dugong with a budget of Rs 23.58 crore, Gangetic River Dolphin with Rs 23 crore, Great Indian Bustard with Rs 108.25 crore, Manipur Brow Antlered deer with budgetary support of Rs 99.95 crore and wild Buffalo with Rs 2 crore.

Biosphere reserves of India Name State Year
1 Great Rann of Kutch Gujarat  2008 
2 Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu 1989
3 Sunderbans West Bengal 1989
4 Nanda Devi Uttarakhand  1988 
5 Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka 1986 
6 Dehang - Debang  Part of Siang and Dibang Valley 1998
7 Pachmarhi  Parts of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara District 1999
8 Similipal Part of Mayurbhanj district 1994 
9 Achanakamar - Amarkantak Amarkantak  Part of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspur districts   2005 
10 Manas Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang Districts 1989
11 Kanchanjunga Parts of Kangchenjunga 2000 
12 Agasthyamalai Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas 2001
13 Great Nicobar Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1989 
14 Nokrek  Part of Garo Hills   1988 
15 Dibru-Saikhowa Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts   1997 
16 Cold Desert  Himachal Pradesh   2009 
17 Sheshachalam Hill Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts   2010
18 Panna Biosphere Reserve Part of Panna District and Chhatarpur District 2011


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