Sochi Winter Olympics 2014 concludes

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Host Russia has ended up at the top of the medal tally with 13 golds, 11 silver and 9 bronze in the recently concluded Sochi Winter Olympics 2014. India, as expected, failed to open its account in the 22nd edition of this mega event.

Medal Tally

Ranking Country Gold Silver Bronze
1 Russia 13 11 09
2 Norway 11 05 10
3 Canada 10 10 05
4 United States 09 07 12
5 Netherlands 08 07 09
  • India: No medal what-so-ever

Points to remember

  • It was the first Winter Olympics ever in Russia and 2nd Olympics overall after Moscow Summer Olympics in 1980.
  • A total of 98 events over 15 disciplines in 7 sports were held.
  • Mascot: A polar bear, a snow hare, and a snow leopard.
  • For the first time in Olympic history, a public vote was held to decide the mascots for the 2014 Winter Olympics
  • Slogan: "Hot. Cool. Yours."
  • A record 88 countries qualified to compete in the games beating the previous record of 82 at the previous Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
  • Seven nations—Dominica, Malta, Paraguay, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, and Zimbabwe—made their debut here in Winter Olympics.

Sochi

  • Sochi is a Russian city located on the Black Sea coast near the border with Georgia/Abkhazia.
  • Sochi had beaten contenders Salzburg (Austria) and Pyeongchang (South Korea) to bag the hosting rights in 2007 in Guatemala

Hosts

  • Next Olympics: Pyeongchang (South Korea) in 2018
  • Previous Olympics: Vancouver (Canada) 

India at Sochi

  • The 3-member Indian contingent luger Shiva Keshavan, alpine skier Himanshu Thakur and cross-country skier Nadeem Iqbal initially competed as independent athletes as IOA (Indian Olympic Association) was then facing suspension from the Olympics. 
  • Ultimately the suspension was revoked in the wake of IOA (Indian Olympic Association) election and athletes were able to stand under the tricolour at the closing ceremony.

Controversy

  • The Games was marred by several controversies including allegations of corruption and global protest by (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) LGBT community for the nation's anti-gay laws.
  • Many separatist groups like Chechens and Dagestani also threatened to attack and disrupt the games.
  • As many as six positive doping tests were recorded at the games.

A Brief History of Winter Olympics

  • The first Winter Olympics: Chamonix (France) in 1924.
  • Both the Winter and Summer Olympics were held in the same years until 1992.  
  • International Olympic Committee (IOC) then decided to put them on different four-year cycles and accordingly the next Winter Olympics after 1992 was organized in 1994.
  • None of the southern hemisphere's country has ever hosted or even applied to host the Winter Olympics till date.
  • The United States has hosted the Games most number of times (4) in 1932, 1960, 1980, and 2002.
  • So far Japan (1972, 1998) is the only Asian country to have hosted the games.
Practice Questions
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