"World's First Zero Carbon, Zero Waste City" : Masdar City
You may be CEO of a big company or a top bureaucrat with lot of money in your bank account and luxary vehicle on road but even than you get Stuck in traffic daily, horns of vehicles pierce your ear drum, your handkerchief gets drenched completely with your own sweat, you breathe lead and lot of carbon dioxide every day and the worst part is you can't do anything to help youself because you have created such conditions for yourself and your future generation but one can't deny the fact that Human being is born with unique power of turning impossibility to possibility and the best example for this is Masdar City "The future city" a city with "Zero Carbon, Zero Waste" which is located 17 kilometres east of the city of Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the fourth largest source of oil in the world .
Madsar "The Future City":-
Masdar city is renowned as the world's first zero-carbon, zero waste and car-free city. Masdar City is located 17 kilometres east of the city of Abu Dhabi beside Abu Dhabi International Airport. It covers 6 square kilometers, and costs US$22 billion.
The project is helmed by Masdar, also known as the Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company, a subsidiary of the Abu Dhabi government, and has two major objectives:
- To turn Abu Dhabi into an international hub for renewable energy
- To support the development and commercialisation of sustainable technology
Currently the total population of Masdar city is 19 thousand but it will eventually house 50,000 people, and host 1,500 primarily environmentally-friendly businesses. Masdar City will host the headquarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
Its first tenant is the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, which has been operating in the city since it moved into its campus in September 2010. Masdar has been designed to be a hub for clean-green companies
Masdar has been built with a purpose
- Masdar was intended to be an incubator for a new generation of Emirati green start-ups. It was aimed at garnering investments in green energy and technology, which, in the long term, would earn Abu Dhabi significant revenue when its oil runs out
- Back in 2006, when construction of Madsar city started, the government's vision of Masdar was for it to be the world's first zero-carbon, zero-car city that would house 50,000 residents and 40,000 commuters by 2015
A city with awesome architecture
- Masdar was designed by British architects Foster + Partners with inputs from artist Jean Marc Castera. The design was modelled on traditional Arabic cities – narrow streets, natural shading, high-density and low-rise living, and mixed-use public spaces.
- This traditional Arab designs sucks air from above and pushes a cooling breeze through Masdar's streets. The site is raised above the surrounding land to create a slight cooling effect. Buildings are clustered close together to create streets and walkways shielded from the sun.
- The city has terracotta walls and resembles a cube from a distance. The temperature in the streets is always a pleasant 15-20 degrees Celsius, thanks to a 45-metre wind tower at the centre that sucks in air from above and pushes it through the streets. Masdar is raised above the surrounding desert to lower temperatures further.
Incredible Energy Management
- The Masdar City Solar Photovoltaic Plant covering 54-acre field with 87,777 solar panels, is the largest of its kind in the Middle East. The facility produces about 17,500 megawatt-hours of clean electricity annually and offsets 15,000 tonnes of carbon emissions per year not only this but every house has solar panels on the roof of every building.
- There are no light switches or taps, just movement sensors that switch things on and off automatically. Masdar’s authorities have claimed the sensors cut power consumption by 51% and water usage by 55%.
Transport system of Madsar city:-
- Private vehicles aren't allowed inside Masdar and residents can walk, cycle, use electric vehicles or hop on to one of the 3,000 driverless Private Rapid Transport System trains that crisscross the city.
- The Private Rapid Transport System uses self-driving cars, manufactured by 2getthere and designed by Italy’s Zagato, that use virtual software to guide them.
Water management :-
Water management has been planned in an environmentally sound manner as well. Approximately 80 percent of the water used will be recycled and waste water will be reused "as many times as possible", with this greywater being used for crop irrigation and other purposes
Waste Management of Masdar
In order to become a zero waste city, Masdar City uses waste incineration (which is also an additional power source), recycle or reuse plastics and metals etc, and food and other biological waste will be composted to make fertilizers and rich soils for growing crops to feed the city.